Hatnuah (Withdrew from elections, February 2019)

Leader: Tzipi Livni
Current Seats: 5
Government/Opposition in Last Knesset: Opposition
Supports/Opposes Two-State Solution: Supports

Tzipi Livni launched the Hatnuah party in 2012 after losing the Kadima leadership elections. The party has consistently run with Israeli-Palestinian peace as a mainstay of its political platform, unambiguously endorsing the two-state solution. In the 2015 elections, she ran a joint list with the Labor Party under the banner of the Zionist Union. Livni took over as leader of the opposition after the resignation of Labor’s Isaac Herzog, but lost the title when Labor leader Avi Gabbay dissolved the joint list in a televised address, setting the small Hatnuah party adrift.

Tzipi Livni has been searching for partners to mount a united center-left opposition to Benjamin Netanyahu in the 2019 elections.

Livni is largely alone among center-left leaders in her willingness to cede the number one spot on any joint list. While Livni once outperformed Netanyahu in terms of number of seats (finishing with 29 for Kadima in 2009), Hatnuah is now hovering at the electoral threshold. So far, Yesh Atid and Benny Gantz’s Hosen Leyisrael have eschewed alliances with Livni.

In 2009, Tzipi Livni led Kadima to win more seats than Netanyahu’s Likud. Now, her Hatnuah party is at risk of missing the electoral threshold.

As Hatnuah grew more embattled, Livni became increasingly outspoken about two states and the erosion of liberal norms in Israel, launching her 2019 campaign by describing the upcoming elections as “the battle for democracy.” However, the party continued to struggle and partnerships with other factions remained out of reach. Facing the prospect of missing the electoral threshold and “wasting” left-wing votes, Tzipi Livni withdrew from the race and announced her retirement from politics on February 18, 2019.