Habayit Hayehudi

Leader: N/A (position vacant)
Current Seats: 5
Government/Opposition in Last Knesset: Government
Supports/Opposes Two-State Solution: Opposes

Habayit Hayehudi is a right-wing national-religious party. The party was originally formed in 2008 as a union of the National-Religious Party, Moledet, and Tekuma. The party began achieving broader success in 2012, under the leadership of Naftali Bennett, a modern Orthodox businessman. Bennett split from the party in late 2018, launching Hayamin Hehadash.

Three MKs, including Education and Diaspora Affairs Minister Naftali Bennett and Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked, left Habayit Hayehudi to form Hayemin Hehadash.

When Bennett led the party, he pushed a program known as the Bennett Plan or the Stability Plan, which calls for the annexation of Area C (60 percent) of the West Bank and the establishment of an autonomous Palestinian regime in the remaining 40 percent of the territory. MK Bezalel Smotrich, who leads Tekuma and is vying to take over the rump Habayit Hayehudi, has espoused more extreme views than Bennett, including explicit support for segregation and the removal of Palestinian traffic from West Bank roads. Tekuma is overseen by a rabbinic leadership.

With Naftali Bennett out of Habayit Hayehudi, far-right Tekuma faction head Bezalel Smotrich is angling for the leadership of the rump national-religious list.

Habayit Hayehudi was a major coalition partner for Benjamin Netanyahu in his last two governments, with Naftali Bennett and Ayelet Shaked holding major ministerial portfolios. However, the departure of Bennett and Shaked (herself a secular Israeli Jew) will likely diminish much of Habayit Hayehudi’s appeal outside a hardcore settler constituency.