Ending Gaza's Perpetual Crisis

Home to nearly two million people, the Gaza Strip presents a unique policy challenge. Nominally independent and governed by a Hamas regime, Gaza is cut off from the rest of the Palestinian polity in the Palestinian Authority-ruled sections of the West Bank. The territory has become a launching pad for attacks against Israel, creating a security nightmare. But retaliatory IDF campaigns, and onerous Israeli, Egyptian, and Palestinian Authority restrictions, as well as Hamas neglect, have all contributed to a humanitarian catastrophe. Access to electricity and clean water are severely limited, freedom of movement is curbed, and many social services previously sponsored by the United States have been cut off or significantly curtailed. All of these factors combine to create a situation in which the recurrence of a broader conflict between Israel, Hamas, and other extremist groups in Gaza is increasingly likely.


Israeli, Palestinian, Arab state, and American policymakers must consider a new approach that breaks the untenable cycle of military escalations and uneasy ceasefires. Several proposals addressing urgent questions about security, humanitarian issues, and a political horizon based on the two-state solution are contained in a comprehensive report from the Brookings Institution and the Center for a New American Security. The study is the product of six months of discussions, in which Israel Policy Forum leadership and other experts participated as part of the Task Force On the Future of U.S. Policy Toward Gaza, led by Brookings and CNAS.

Gaza Video Resources

Watch webinars and public events examining the crisis in Gaza

Gaza by the numbers

Gaza population

(2018 estimate)



(2018 estimate)


Electricity supply


8hours daily

GDP per capita

(2016 estimate)


Want to learn more? Check out the complete report from the Brookings Institution and the Center for a New American Security.

Ending Gaza's Perpetual Crisis: A New U.S. Approach

A comprehensive study featuring recommendations for an alternative American approach to the Gaza Strip and its myriad security, economic, and humanitarian issues.

Download the full Report