Iran has provided financial, logistical, and political support to Hamas since the 1990s. Like Hizballah in Lebanon, the Houthis in Yemen, and various pro-Iranian militias in Iraq and Syria, Hamas forms a part of Iran’s so-called axis of resistance against Israel, the U.S., and the West. But Iran’s support for Hamas is more strategic than purely ideological, given Hamas’ adherence to Sunni Islam and Iran’s identification with Shi’ism.

Iran has invested substantially in Hamas and other proxies over the past several decades in order to project power throughout the Middle East, threaten Israel, and serve as a counterweight to the U.S. in the region.


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