October 7 was the worst terror attack in Israeli history and the most fatal assault on the Jewish people since the Holocaust. Hamas has never before initiated an attack on this scale, which is part of the reason why it caught Israel so ill-prepared.

But Hamas has carried out many lethal terror attacks against Israeli civilians over the course of its history, in addition to several abductions. The organization served as a driving force of the rise in terror attacks Israelis faced during the Oslo Accords in the 1990s and the Second Intifada in the early 2000s.


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