39. Repair and Upgrade Gaza’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Infrastructure

Gaza suffers from a chronic shortage of water, which the international community seeks to address through establishing large scale desalination plants. Due to recurring military operations and wars (most recently the May 2021 escalation), funding shortages, Israeli restrictions of dual-use imports, and internal Palestinian divides, the construction and operation of these plants are substantially delayed, making clean water in Gaza a rare commodity. Israel, the PA, and the international community should repair damaged WASH infrastructure, speed up the development of the Gaza Central Desalination Plant (GCDP), and address funding gaps. The positive progress made in the area of wastewater management should serve as an example for the tangible payoff of sanitation and clean beaches when all parties put their hands on deck.