34. Upgrade Telecom Infrastructure

Although Israel, the PA, and the international community remain engaged in discussions regarding deploying advanced mobile technologies—the Joint Technical Committee (JTC) convened four times between June and August 2022—the parties have yet to agree on radio frequency allocation for 4G and 5G services and a timeline for commercial launch of services, which are critical for West Bank economic growth and productivity. Although rolling out 4G in the West Bank and Gaza by the end of 2023 was announced during the Biden visit in July 2022, Israeli timelines are now much longer (2025) and do not include Gaza. Washington should follow up to ensure that Israel abides by its commitment to this key American-supported initiative.