Today, Israel Policy Forum is releasing a new study, “In Search of a Viable Option: Evaluating Outcomes to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” by Dr. Shira Efron and Evan Gottesman, with a foreword by Amb. Daniel B. Shapiro.

The two-state solution has been criticized from the right and the left as an idea whose time has passed and been overtaken by facts on the ground.  As a result, many other models for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict have been advanced, from one-state formulas to confederation outcomes to maintaining the status quo indefinitely.

How do these proposals for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict measure up against key criteria, like keeping Israel Jewish and democratic, providing security, and ensuring feasibility?  Is there a model that fits the needs of both parties while being realistic in practice?

This study assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different plans and trains a critical eye on whether a two-state solution is still possible.

Israel Policy Forum remains steadfastly committed to our mission: the preservation and advancement of a viable two-state outcome to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that ensures Israel’s future as a secure, Jewish, and democratic state.  This study reflects our firm dedication to elevate the policy and communal discourse on these issues by providing forthright analysis and credible policy resources for policymakers and community leaders.

As Ambassador Shapiro’s foreword to the study concludes:

“Trump’s policies notwithstanding, many Americans continue to see the two-state solution as the best outcome for U.S. interests. But the increasing unlikelihood of its achievement compels us to study other outcomes. In one sense, that is normal: the realities of the world often dictate that we confront sub-optimal foreign policy choices. And in such situations, American officials must try to identify the least bad option, and, to the degree the United States has influence, attempt to steer toward that outcome. This study is an invaluable tool in helping us undertake that task.

But I hope it has another impact, as well. The unsparing descriptions of the models this study presents, with all the dangers they contain for Israelis, Palestinians, U.S. interests, and the region, put the stark reality of those choices before us. It is not pretty. And perhaps, it will help reinvigorate efforts by Israelis, Palestinians, Americans, and others to steer back toward the best outcome, a two-state solution, or at least to keep it alive and viable for the future when new leaders and improved conditions may make it possible.”



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