The United Nations Relief and Works Agency is a deeply flawed organization, but it is also responsible for the education, healthcare, and social services of millions of Palestinians in 59 refugee camps in the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. Because of the Trump administration’s decision to end all U.S. funding of the organization, UNRWA is in danger of collapsing, which will result in chaos and a security nightmare for Israel. There is no other organization that can step in overnight and assume all of UNRWA’s responsibilities, and overseeing UNRWA’s death without a backup plan in place is grossly irresponsible. A long-term replacement is required due to UNRWA’s role in perpetuating the unique status of Palestinian refugeehood that never ceases irrespective of individual circumstances and its historical unwillingness to combat terrorism operated by third parties out of its facilities. But until tangible provision is made for that replacement, defunding UNRWA in its entirety overnight risks serious destabilization. We reiterate our position that UNRWA should instead be fully funded over a five year period while a replacement institution is created and UNRWA’s responsibilities are transitioned over.