Despite the formation of a Fatah-Hamas unity government months earlier, tensions between the factions lead to deadly clashes in Gaza. Within several days, Hamas manages to seize control of all PA institutions in Gaza and takes over the territory. President Mahmoud Abbas dissolves the unity government, prompting the U.S. and the EU to resume aid to the PA and Israel to release withheld tax revenue. Israel and Egypt begin to seal their borders with Gaza.

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